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American Government Essay

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1. Authority- The recognized right of officials to exercise power as a result of the positions they hold. 2. Constitutionalism- The idea that there are lawful limits on the power of government. 3. Corporate Power- The power that corporations exercise in their effort to influence government and maintain control of their workplace. 4. Democracy- A form of government in which the people govern either directly or through elected representatives 5. Elitism- The notion that wealthy and well-controlled individuals exercise power over certain areas of public policy. 6. Equality- The notion that individuals are equal in their moral worth and are thereby entitled to equal treatment under the law. 7. Free-Market System- An economic system based on the idea that government should interfere with economic transactions as little as possible. Free enterprise and self-reliance are the collective and individual principles that underpin free markets. 8. Individualism- the idea that the people should take the initiative, be self-sufficient, and accumulate the material advantages necessary for their well-being. 9. Legal action- the use of courts of law as a means by which individuals protect their rights and settle their conflicts. 10. Liberty- the principle that individuals should be free to act or think as they choose, provided they do not infringe unreasonably on the freedom and well-being of others. 11. Majoritarianism- the idea that the majority prevails not only in elections but also in policy determination 12. Party Polarization or (Partisan Polarization)- the condition in which opinions and actions in response to political issues and situations divides substantially along political party lines. 13. Pluralism- a theory of American politics that holds that society’s interests are substantially represented through power exercised by groups. 14. Political Culture- the widely shared and deep-seated political beliefs of a particular people. 15. Pol...

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