The Democratic People's Republic of Korea, abbreviated as DPRK, and commonly referred to as North Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula. Its capital isPyongyang, the country's largest city by both land area and population. An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. Five years later, Japan formally annexed the entire peninsula. Following World War II, Korea was split with the northern half coming under Soviet-sponsored Communist control. After failing in the Korean War (1950-53) to conquer the US-backed Republic of Korea (ROK) in the southern portion by force, North Korea (DPRK), under its founder President KIM Il Sung, adopted a policy of ostensible diplomatic and economic "self-reliance" as a check against outside influence. Partition of Korea
After Japan's surrender at the conclusion of Worl...