Essays /

North Korea Studies Essay

Essay preview

HIS 361 Contemporary China
Dr. Yusheng Yao

Is Deng Xiaoping’s Policy Replicable for North Korea?

China’s huge success in the economic reform and opening up had great impact on North Korea. Although North Korea is still one of the most undeveloped countries in the world, it has tried domestic economic reform for several times during the past 30 years. It is clear that North Korea has adopted/ is adopting some measures that China used thirty years ago. What are the results of this attempt so far? Will North Korea have huge economic growth like China did? This paper will discuss these questions and work out a conclusion at the end.

One of the most important economic measures adopted during the Chinese economic reform was the “contracting down to the household.” In June 1977, the “Provincial Party Committee Six-Point Proposal”, later evolved into Household-responsibility system, let the local farmers be responsible for the profits and losses of a farm. After being supported and promoted by Deng Xiaoping, this system partially replaced the egalitarian distribution method, whereby the state assumed all profits and losses.

North Korea had a work squad management system, which allocate harvest profits base on agricultural supply and the number of days worked. With decreased productivity in agriculture, North Korea started to change its unit-based system since the middle of 1990s. The measure adopted was to restructure the existing system into a family-based one, which decreased the size of a unit from 10-25 members to 5-7. In July 2002, North Korea implemented a large- scale economic reform and significantly expanded the farming area per person. The number of agriculture products that farmers could keep also increased. However, the reform only lasted for three years due to change of polit...

Read more


-0 -106 -23670 -25 -278 -3 -41 -415 -6 -63 -7 0 05/31/2001 1 10 102 12 14 1977 1980s 1989 1990s 20 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2012 2012/10/29 22 24 26 274 30 361 365 380 39 4 5 63 665 73 93 978 achiev action activ actual adapt adjust adopt advanc ago agricultur ahead alloc allow almost also although amend angel announc anoth appetit arabl area asia asian assum asymmetr atmospher attempt attitud author away b barb base bigger black black-market border born borrow bring build busi c capit capitalist caprici carri casino caus cent center central centuri chang charg china chines citizen clear closur come committe communic comrad conclus congenit conserv consolid contemporari contract control could countri crack creat creation critiqu crop cross cuba current cut day decid decreas defens defici demand deng design deterior determin develop difficult direct disast discuss dissatisfact distribut domest domin donat doubt dr driven drought due earli easili east econom economi economist egalitarian eighti emerg encourag end enjoy entic entir entrepreneur establish even evolv exceed exchang exempt exist expand expel experi experienc expertis extern extrem extremely-tight face factori fail famili family-bas far farm farmer fdi fear fifth firm first flood food forc foreign formul forth four free free-market free-trad freeli frequent friendship frustrat fundament gate geographi geolog get give go goal got govern gradual grant great greater grow growth guarante harvest high high-voltag higher histori hit hong hongkong hope household household-respons howev huge idea ideolog il imit impact imped implement import includ incom increas independ industri ineffect influenc infrastructur instead intens interact invest investor japan japan-born jeffri jong jong-il jul juli june kaesong keep kim kong korea korean land larg last later law leader learn led left let level liberman liberman-styl like likewis limit list live local los loss low luxuri made make manag market market-driven measur member method middl militari money mongolia moreov mosquito motiv mountain natur net never new north noth number oct offic offici one open open-up opening-up oper opposit order outsid panacea panic paper part parti partial pass past penetr peopl per person pilot place point polici polit power pp preferenti present prioriti problem product profit progress promis promot propos protest provinci purpos pursu question rason reason recent refer reform regard regim region regulatori reinforc relationship reli replac replic resourc respons restrict restructur result review road rule run russia said satisfact scale scobel second secur seem seldom self self-determin selig sept sever sez shenzhen shift shook short shortag shot sight signific sinc six six-point size slight small social socialist solv songun south south-north special spring/fall squad squar stabil stagnat standard start state status still stop studi style success suppli support sure surplus surround suspend system target tax test third thirti though three tiananmen tight time took toward tract trade transform transit tri turn twenti twenty-first two unauthor undevelop unilater unit unit-bas univers unsuit unyield us us-north use usual vast vietnam visa voltag want way welcom whenev wherebi william winter wire work world xiaop yao year yield yusheng zone