Essays /

Not From Me Its On The Essay

Essay preview

Unit 3:
Unit code: QCF Level 3: Credit value:

Health, Safety and Security in Health and Social Care
A/600/8952 BTEC Nationals 10

Guided learning hours: 60
Aim and purpose
This unit aims to enable learners to gain an understanding of the health, safety and security of individuals in a health and social care context. They will explore legislation, policies and procedures and gain an understanding of the purpose of risk analysis. Learners will also gain an understanding of how to deal with incidents and emergencies in a health and social care environment.

Unit introduction
Health, safety and security are a priority in all health and social care (HSC) practice and this unit gives learners an understanding of key principles that underpin work in the sector. On completing the unit, learners will understand how to minimise risks to all individuals in HSC settings, be they service users, their friends and family, or employees in the setting. The unit requires a clear understanding of the language used in the context of health, safety and security. HSC workplaces are complex environments and services may be delivered in health, residential and day care settings as well as increasingly in service users’ own homes. At the end of the unit, learners should be able to foresee potential hazards and know how to make appropriate responses to minimise risks, in the context of relevant legal and local policy requirements. Learners will investigate potential hazards for individuals in HSC settings. Informal observations, particularly during work placements, of how care workers implement safe practice with different service user groups in different environments would be useful background research. Learners could share their experiences of different settings in class discussions. Case material, video and/or guest speakers could be helpful, especially where access to settings is limited. The practical aspect of the unit requires learners to conduct a risk assessment through investigating hazards for a selected service user group accessing a specific health or social care setting in the local community. Learners will investigate how statutory and local requirements provide a framework for settings to develop policies and procedures relating to safeguarding and health and safety. An understanding of the possible tensions that may arise in relation to balancing health, safety and security considerations with, for example, individual rights to independence or choice, will also be explored. Learners will explore the nature of incidents and emergencies that may arise in HSC and possible responses to these. This could then lead to more focused consideration of the risks arising from a specific incident from a case study, the media or actual experience, and an analysis of the factors that caused the incident or emergency and recommendations of how the risk could have been minimised.

Edexcel BTEC Level 3 Nationals specification in Health and Social Care – Issue 1 – June 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010


The unit provides core knowledge and understanding essential for those working in HSC settings. It will provide a useful overview from which more detailed explorations of selected aspects of health, safety and security can be developed, as relevant to individual specialist units within the programme. Some aspects of the unit can prepare learners before they start a work- experience placement. The unit could be complemented with recognised qualifications in first aid, moving and handling, health and safety and food hygiene.

Learning outcomes
On completion of this unit a learner should be able to:

1 2 3 4

Understand potential hazards in health and social care Know how legislation, policies and procedures promote health, safety and security in health and social care settings Be able to implement a risk assessment Understand priorities and responses in dealing with incidents and emergencies.


Edexcel BTEC Level 3 Nationals specification in Health and Social Care – Issue 1 – June 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010

Unit content
1 Understand potential hazards in health and social care
Hazards: relating to the physical environment, equipment, infections, substances, working conditions, working practices, security systems Harm and abuse: possibility of, eg abuse, injury, acquired infection, psychological distress, inappropriate care planning, exposure to danger, stress, loss of/damage to, eg belongings, premises Setting: types, eg residential care, hospital, day care, pre-school, infant school, childminder, clinic, surgery, any location where an individual receives care services (including in own home or the community); public environment, eg retail area, swimming pool, public park, sports ground, beach, transport Individuals: those receiving care; workers in a setting: care staff (based in setting, visiting setting), support staff (eg caterers, cleaners, administrative), visitors (eg relatives, friends, volunteers) Users of health and social care services: as relevant to setting, eg patients, older people, people with learning disabilities, young people, young children, babies, those with physical disability or sensory impairment, people with mental health problems

2 Know how legislation, policies and procedures promote health, safety and security in health and social care settings Legislation and guidelines: relevant sections for home country, eg Health and Safety at Work Act, Food Safety Act, Food Safety (General Food Hygiene) Regulations, Manual Handling Operations Regulations, Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR), Data Protection Act, Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations, Care Homes Regulations, Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH), Civil Contingencies Act 2004, Care Minimum Standards (various supplements) Safeguarding: vulnerable adults, children and young people; enhanced disclosures, Independent Safeguarding Authority, Protection of Vulnerable Adults (POVA) Influences: staff, eg staff-service user ratios, training; premises, eg location, facilities, access; practices (policies and associated procedures) Policies and procedures: for, eg safeguarding, health and safety, reporting accidents, disposal of body wastes, storage and dispensing of medicines, fire evacuation, lone working, security of premises, possessions and individuals, cleaning, food safety Roles: employers, employees, care staff, users of services, local authority, National Health Service Trust; other individuals, eg visitors, relatives, volunteers Responsibilities: according to legal and organisational requirements; for, eg following organisational safety and security procedures, making risk assessments, minimising risks, dealing with incidents and emergencies, working with others to ensure health, safety and security, reporting of and maintaining records of incidents and emergencies, understanding limits of own responsibilities, keeping self safe

Edexcel BTEC Level 3 Nationals specification in Health and Social Care – Issue 1 – June 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010


3 Be able to implement a risk assessment
Risk assessment: hazard identification, potential severity of harm resulting from each hazard, likelihood/ probability of each hazard causing harm, critical controls, eg HACCP in food safety Calculating the degree of risk: likelihood of something happening, scale of 1 to 5 (1 is not very likely; low risk, 3 moderate risk, 5 means very possible or even probable) Controlling the risk: deciding what needs to be done to reduce or remove the risk Monitoring how the risk is being controlled: taking precautions to reduce risk; clear instructions from health and safety officer Reappraising the risk: risk reduction; regular evaluations by the health and safety officer

4 Understand priorities and responses in dealing with incidents and emergencies Incidents and emergencies: types, eg incidents of suspected/actual abuse, accidents, exposure to infection/ chemicals, spillages, intruders, aggressive and dangerous encounters, fire, major disaster (eg flood, loss of water supply, civic emergency), other critical incidents Responses: maintaining respect and dignity; minimising risk, accessing support for the incident or emergency, working in partnership (eg with emergency services); others, eg dealing with suspected abuse, dealing with disclosure of abuse, role of first aid, evacuation procedure, reporting of accidents, follow-up review of critical incidents and emergencies, accessing support for own emotional reactions after an emergency Priorities: when dealing with incid...

Read more


1 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 2 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 3 3rd 4 5 6 60 7 8 9 9780113226078 9780340872673 9780435402327 9780435402372 9780435453732 9780435464257 9780435464653 9780435499150 9780717620821 9780717661794 9780748784042 9781843100645 9781843106920 9781845622343 9781846907470 9781846907663 9781871912036 9781904544357 9781904544364 9781905261246 a-z a/600/8952 abil abl abus accept access accid accord accuraci achiev acquir across act action activ actual adapt addit address administr adult advoc agenc aggress agre aid aider aim airway allow alongsid alreadi also although amen amend analys analysi and/assessment and/or anonym anonymis answer anticip anyon appendix appli applic approach appropri area argument aris arnold arrang ask aspect assess assign assignments/activities assist associ attempt audio audit authent author avail awar ayl b babi background balanc bank base basic beach behaviour belief belong benefici better blanket bleed bodi book boy bracket brief bring british broad btec burn buzz c cahil calcul candid card care carer carri case casualti cater caus cell centr certif chair characterist check chemic childmind children choic choos chosen civic civil clarifi class classroom clean cleaner clear clinic close code cognit collat collect commiss communic communiti compar compet complement complet complex compli comput concept concern conclus concussion/unconsciousness condit conduct confidenti conjunct consent consequ consid consider consolid consult content context conting continu contribut control controls/breakdown cooper coordin copi core correct coshh could council countri cover cpr creat creativ credit criteria critic ct ct3 current d d1 d2 daili danger data day deal dealt debate/discussion decid definit degre deliv deliveri demonstr depart describ desir detail develop diari differ differenti digniti diploma direct disabl disast disclosur discuss discussion/debate diseas dispens display dispos distinct distinguish distress distribut document done draw dress drunk duncan e edexcel edit educ edur effect eg either elder electr element embed emerg emot emotional/behavioural emphasi emphasis employ employe enabl encount encourag end engag english enhanc enquir ensur enter entri environ ep ep3 ep4 ep6 equip especi essenti establish estim etc evacu evalu even evid evidenc exampl execut exemplar expect experi experienc explain explan explor exposur extend extinguish extract f face facil factor fall famili feed file film final find fire first fisher fit five flipchart flood focus follow follow-up food forese form format formula forward foundat fractur framework freedom friend fulli function futur g gain gather general generalis generat give given good grade graze greater grid ground group guest guid guidanc guidelin haccp handbook handl happen harm hazard health heighway heinemann held help high higher highfield highlight hip hodder home hospit hot hour hsc hse hsg hygien ict ict-en ictbas idea identif identifi ie ie1 ie2 ie3 ie4 illustr imag immedi impact impair implement implic import improv inadequ inappropri incid includ increas independ indic individu induct infant infect infirm influenc inform initi injuri innov input input/discussion input/discussions input/ict instruct interact internet introduc introduct intrud investig isbn issu j jessica job journal judgement june justif justifi keep key kingsley kit knee know knowledg laid langridg languag law lawpack lead leaflet learn learner learnt legal legisl less level librari lifestyl like likelihood likelihood/probability limit link listen live local locat london lone loss low m m1 m2 m3 made main maintain mainten major make maker manag mandelstam mani manual map materi mathemat matter may meal mean measur media medic medicin meet mental mere merit method might minimis minimum minor moder monitor morri move muscl must nation natur need nelson new news newslett nhs nolan nonhazard nos note novel number numer observ occup occur occurr of/damage offic offici older one one-stop onlin oper opinion opportun option order organis other outcom outlin overal overview owen owners/employers p p1 p2 p3 p4 paper paper-bas park part particip particular partnership pass patient pearson peer peopl percentag permiss person persuas photograph physic piec placement plan plts plus podcast point polici pool posit possess possibl post poster potenti pova practic practis pre pre-prepar pre-school precaut prefer premis prepar present prevent previous principl prioriti prioritis privaci probabl problem proc procedur produc profession programm promot prompt properti propos protect provid psycholog public publish puls purpos qcf qualif qualiti qualific quantifi quantit question quizz quot r rang rare rate ratio reaction read readili realis reapprais reason receiv recent recognis recommend record recoveri recreat reduc reduct refer referenc refin reflect regard regul regular relat relationship relax relev remov report requir research residenti resourc respect respond respons restrict result retail retriev review richard riddor right risk rl role rospa routin royal s/nvq safe safeguard safeti satisfactori scale scenario school search section sector secur see select self self-manag send sensori separ servic session set setting-specif sever share shock short show similar simpl simul singl situat six skill slip sm sm3 snow social societi softwar solut someth sourc space speak speaker specialist specif specifi spillag sport sprain spreadsheet sprenger squar staff staff-servic stage standard start stationeri statutori step stop storag store strategi strength stress stretch strong student studi subject substanc suggest suit suitabl summari summaris supervisor supplement suppli support sure surgeri survey suspect suspected/actual swim synthesis system tabl tabul tackl tailor take taken teacher team techniqu tension terminolog text textbook theft theme think thinker thorn throughout titl toddler togeth toilet tool topic train transcrib transport trial trip tropic trust tutor tw two type typic uk unaccept underpin understand undertaken unit updat use user valu valuabl variat varieti various version versus video videos/dvds view virtual visit visitor visual vocat volunt vulner walk wallchart want wast water way weather websit welfar well wherev whilst whitehous wide wider wish within work work-experi worker workforc workplac would write y yet young z