Essays /

Note Essay

Essay preview

10.3 note Bolivar 15-minute-history

Key dates in Bolivar’s life.
Y2, parents died
Y15 Study learn about the workings of commerce and empire in Spain Y18 married with Maria Teresa but later she died
1807 returned to Caracas involving politics
1813 Republic, Colombia & Venezuela
1815 flee to Haiti

His attitude to poor people
Have to emancipate freedom
All Spaniards would be killed

His ideas about government and what kinds of governments he created Skeptical to liberalism
Republic government above all: interests of community as a whole United

His attitude to South Americans in general.
Corrupt
lazy, benighted, mentally enslaved by religion
colonial law
set them free,

Why do you think he is considered a hero in South America?
he fought for freedom without actually realizing that his fighting on the ground actually was setting many, many people free. So, he kept on pursuing this abstraction to the very end, and trying to figure this abstraction out in constitutions after constitutions without realizing that he had already accomplished what he set out to do.

Episode 13: Simón Bolívar
Posted on February 20, 2013 by Christopher Rose
Host: Joan Neuberger, Professor of History and Editor, Not Even Past Guest: Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra, Alice Drysdale Sheffield Professor of History He’s been called Spanish America’s answer to George Washington and Thomas Jefferson combined, but Simón Bolívar was both and yet neither. An orphaned child shuttled between distant relatives, he was educated in the principles of the Enlightenment and cut his political teeth watching Napoleon take over most of Europe. He is revered as the Liberator of Spanish America, even though he held most of his compatriots in disdain and eventually declared himself dictator before dying a political failure on his way to exile. Guest Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra from UT’s Department of History discusses the intricacies of Simón Bolívar, an enigma who is still revered and reviled two centuries after his death.

Transcript
Let’s start with a short biographical note. What was Simon Bolívar most famous for? He was instrumental in ending 300 years of Spanish rule in the Americas at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th centuries. He ought to be considered the Spanish American equivalent of both George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. Like Washington, Bolívar led a people onto the battlefield to gain independence. Like Jefferson, Bolívar drafted constitutions inspired by the ideas of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution. Yet, Bolívar was neither Washington nor Jefferson. Unlike Washington, who suffered excruciating pain from rotten dentures, Bolívar kept to his death a wholesome set of teeth. More important, Bolívar did not end his days revered and worshiped like Washington. Bolívar died on his way to self-imposed exile, despised by many. Unlike Jefferson, who admired the ideals of the French Revolution but never actually lived up to them—contradictorily espousing the ideals of freedoms and equality while living comfortably off the labor of hundreds of slaves—Bolívar liquidated all of his plantations and set all of his slaves free. There are, to be sure, puzzling paradoxes about Bolívar, like Jefferson. He was personally willing to give up all earthly possessions and all comfort during 18 years of military campaigns against Spanish tyranny, but he himself became a dictator.  Bolívar was a pragmatist who willingly bent principles in pursuit of strategic goals.  This man who allegedly despised Machiavelli was himself a Machiavellian for whom the ends justify all means. He was also a great political failure. So, where did he come f...

Read more

Keywords

-25 10.3 13 15 1783 18 1802 1803 1806 1807 1808 1810 1812 1813 1814 1815 1822 1823 1826 18th 19th 20 2013 300 abstract accomplish accord achiev action actual address administr admir adolesc adopt adul advanc affect age alaiza alic alleg allegi allow alreadi also alway america american among andes anoth answer anyth apart appoint armi around arriv ask assembl assum atheism atlant attitud attract aunt author authoritarian autonom babylonian back backward bask basqu battl battlefield becam becom began begin benefit benight bent biblic biograph bite black bogotá bolivar bolivia bolívar boom born bring british broke brought build built cacao call came campaign caraca cartagena cast catherin cathol cañizar cañizares-esguerra centuri ceremoni chanc chang charg child christ christ-lik christoph church citi civil classic clear coastal colombia coloni color combin come comfort commerc commerci common communiti compar compatriot congress connect consequ consid conspir conspiraci constitut content contradictorili control conven coron corrupt could council counter counter-intuit countless cours court cowboy creat creativ critic critiqu cross crumbl cultur curious custodi cut danger date david day de death decid declar deepli defeat defens defin del dentur depart despis despit destroy devast deviant dictat didn die differ difficult dimmer discourag discuss disdain dismantl dispirit distant domin doom down-liter draft draw drew drysdal due earli earlier earth earthquak eas economi editor educ effort eighteen either elect elector elev els emancip emperor empir empow empress enamor end enemi engin enigma enlighten enslav entir entrepôt episod equal equival esguerra especi espous europ european even eventu everi everyth everywher evid exampl excruci exil expand expect experiment export eye fact fail failur faith famili familiar famous fascin father februari fellow ferdinand fight figur final financ financi find first fled flee forc foreign formal fought francisco free free-color freedom french full futur gain general georg gideon give glamor go goal govern gradual gran granada grandpar great greatest grew ground grow grown guard guardian guest hacienda haiti haitian hand happen hastili heal heavi heavy-hand held helm help hero hierarchi highland hipólita hire histori honor hors host hous household howev human humbl hundr idea ideal idolatri ignor import impos includ inde independ indian individu infertil inher inherit initi inspir institut instrument intact interest interior intricaci intuit invas involv iron isn israelit issu j.j jefferson joan jorg joshua jump junta junín justifi keep kept key kill kind king knew known la labor land larg last later launch law lazi lead leader leadership learn led left legaci less lesson let liber libertador libertarian liberti life like line liquid liter live lobbi local lodg long loos lost love lover macabeo machiavelli machiavellian made madrid maintain make man maneuv mani manifesto manipul manumit maria marqui marri maría match materi may mayb mean meant mental merchant militari mind minist minut minute-histori miranda mobil monarch monarchi montesquieu mose mother move much mulatto name napoleon nation navi need negra neighbor neither nest neuberg never new nine nobil nobodi north note notion nueva nurs ocean odd offer offspr oligarch olmedo one onto open opinion opportun oppos oppress organ orphan ought pain paradox parent pari particip particular past peon peopl persecut person perspect peru philander pit place plain plantat planter pocket polit poor popul portug possess post potenti power pragmat pragmatist prepar press priest principl privileg problemat professor profound promin prompt propaganda proper properti prosper prostitut prove providenti public pull purpos pursu pursuit put puzzl question quick quit racial rapid rather raw re read realiz realli rear reason recent refer regain region relat religion render republ republican resent resid resist respond result return rever revil revolut ride right rodríguez romant rome rose rotat rotten rousseau rout rule run russian sampson second see seek self self-govern self-impos self-interest self-rul send sent serv set settl shape sheffield short shuttl side similar simon simón singl single-hand six skeptic slaughter slave slaveri social societi solomon someth somewher soon sooner sought south spain spain-what spaniard spanish spanish-american spark spent sprang spread stabil stabl stallion start state stem still strap strateg strike stronghold struck structur studi success suffer support sure surviv sweep sword tactic take talk teach teeth temporarili ten tend tender teresa term thereaft thing think thoma though thought thousand three tide time titl today togeth toler took top toppl toro town tradit transcript transform tri triumph trump tutor twice two tyrann tyranni ultim uncl understood undo ungovern unintend unit unlik upbring upon upper upris upward urban urg ut uztáriz venezuela venezuelan veteran victoria view vii virtuous visit wake want war warfar washington watch way wealth well went western wet wet-nurs whether whole wholesom will wit without work world worship would write y y15 y18 y2 year yes yet youth