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Genetic Engineering
Introduction
A simple definition for Genetic Engineering would be:
* The deliberate modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material for human interests. It basically refers to a set of technologies that are being used to change the genetic makeup of cells and move genes across species boundaries to produce novel organisms. The techniques involve highly sophisticated manipulations of genetic material and other biologically important chemicals. How Genetic Engineering is done

Genetic engineering, also called transformation, works by physically removing a gene from one organism and inserting it into another, giving it the ability to express the trait encoded by that gene. It is like taking a single recipe out of a cookbook and placing it into another cookbook.

The process: Once a goal is in mind…

* First, find an organism that naturally contains the desired trait. * The DNA is extracted from that organism. This is like taking out the entire cookbook. * The one desired gene (recipe) must be located and copied from thousands of genes that were extracted. This is called gene cloning. * The gene may be modified slightly to work in a more desirable wa...

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