Essays /

Notes Essay

Essay preview

Elizabeth I
What: Queen of England during the Spanish Armada
When: mid 1500s
Where: England
Significance: During her reign, England rose to prominence and became the leader of protestant nations. It also experienced a cultural renaissance. Her religious policy of toleration was based on moderation and compromise.

Henry VIII
What: English King; father of Queen Elizabeth
When: 1500’s
Where: England
Significance: King who was cut off from the Roman Church because he impregnated his future wife (who gave birth to Queen Elizabeth). Started the Anglican Church which he was the head of in order to play part in the church.

John Calvin
What: Protestant reformer
When: 1500’s
Where: Switzerland
Significance: founder of Calvinism, systematic theologian, wrote “Institutes of the Christian Religion” Agreed with Luther mostly, but spread further with God’s sovereignty. Calvin spoke of predestination

Council of Trent
What: Group who met to determine differences between Protestants and Catholics When: 1545 - 1563
Where: Trent (border between Germany and Italy)
Significance: scripture and tradition were affirmed as equal authorities (only the church could interpret scripture). Both faith and Good works were necessary for salvation. The 7 sacraments, transubstantiation and clerical celibacy were all upheld, purga...

Read more


-1700 -18 1400s 1400s-1500s 1490 1500 1500s 1545 1563 1600s 1648 1690 17 17th 18th 30 7 absurd acknowledg across advanc affect affirm agre alon also anglican anymor apprehens armada astronom attain author autonom awaken base basi becam belief believ bibl birth blais border break broaden c calculus call calvin cathol celibaci center centuri certain choos chose christian chrstain church cleric cogito coher columbian combin command compromis condemn consent contract contradict copernicus cosmolog could council countri creat creator cultur cut danger deism deist deiti demonstr descart determin differ direct discov discover doctor doi doubt earli earth econom economi effect elizabeth end england english enlighten epic equal ergo europ european everi everyth evid exchang exercis exist experi experienc explain explain/predict fair faith father first follow food forc form found founder franc free freedom futur galileo gave german germani get give god good got gov govern grace gratia gravit great greater group hand head heaven help hemispher henri hierarch hinder hre human idea ignatius immanuel imperfect impregn increas individu induct indulg influenc influenti innat instead institut intellectu interpret interrupt invent involv isaac itali jefferson jesuit john justifi kant keep kepler key king know knowledg laissez laissez-fair late law lead leader learn leav led left let liberti life live lock longer look loyola luther made make mark mass math mathemat mathematician mean medit met method mid middl mind miracl missionari moder modern moral most much mysteri nation natur necessari new newton note noth nutrit observ ocean offend offici one order part pascal passag peac pense peopl perfect period perman person philosoph philosophi piec place play plus polici polit power predestin pretti priest primari principl promin proof properti propon protect protest purgatori queen rasa rather realm reason reform regul regular reign religi religion renaiss rene replac resid return revel reviv revolut ridicul roman rose run sacrament said salvat school scienc scientif scientist scriptur secular sens signific slave social societi sola sold soldier/religious someth sought sourc sovereignti spain spanish spiritu split spoke spread start state still strengthen stress structur studi submiss submit sum supernatur sweden switzerland synthesi systemat tabula tall telescop th theologian theori theorist thing thought time today togeth toler trade tradit transubstanti trent truth unit univers upheld us use view view/knowledge viii war wesley western westphalia wife work world wrote year